Pura Tirtha Empul Temple (Tampak Siring)

by on December 13, 2011

Tirta Empul Tampak Siring situated in the village, district Tampak siring, Gianyar regency, some 39 km to the east of the city Denpasar. located in a valley, surrounded by areas of higher and to the west lies the Palace of the President of the Republic of Indonesia in Bali. Tirtha Empul name contained in an inscription which until now kept in the Temple Sakenan, in the village Manukaya, Tampak siring District, about 3 km from Pura Tirtha Empul.dalam this inscription, Tirtha Empul called “Tirtha Hampul” and eventually became “Tirtha Empul”. Tirtha ri air Hampul intention is “a place of self purification that comes from water that appears alone, or the sacred pool of water appeared / gather themselves from the ground”.

Spring water is come from the soil from the Lord’s creation. The spring is then in the year 882 Saka (960 AD) laid back, and turned into a pool of consecrated by King “Indra Jaya Singha Warmadewa” with the name tirtha ri air hampul. This data is contained in the inscription on the temple Sakenan mentioned above.

Transcription of the inscription, among others, line 4 and 5 are: Indra Jaya Singha Warmadewa masahin tirtha ri air hampul. In addition to the above data Efigraph, Tirtha Empul temple was also found that the archaeological heritage as follows:

1. Linga Yoni, located on page II (Jaba-center), on an altar (bebaturan) beneath the facade overlooking the west gate. Linga Yoni is the symbol of the worship of the god Shiva with magic (wife) to invoke fertility goddess Parvati, especially in the agricultural fertility.

2. Lion Statue, who has worn the face, making it difficult to recognize in mithologi Hindu, the lion is the vehicle of goddess Durga, the magic of the god Shiva in the aspect Kroda. In it he pemerelina Kroda aspect or the return to origin. Therefore, the vehicle of goddess Durga is also called the lion so he Singawahini goddess. When chasing a giant Rakta wija his enemies, allegedly used the lion as his vehicle.

3. Tepasana, is building a holy place which was originally just a patio / bebaturan. What you see now is a building that was renovated in 1967 AD. A sign restoration is completed by using the Saka year in the form of a series of relief’s called Candra Sangkala / chronograms consisting of relief: the solar value is 1, its value is 8 elephants, dragons value is 8, the temple briefly its value is 9, when assembled into the year 1889 Saka / 1967 AD. Tepasana is seen as Sthana or media worship to the worship of the god Indra who is deemed to have created this spring Empul Tirtha, the god Indra in Mithologi Hindu the manifestation of God as the God of War as well as the Rain God, for having defeated the Dragon Wreta cloud that hides or water droplets in the stomach. Where is the Tepasana this? is located on pages III (offal) passed Empul Tirtha sacred pond located at page II. The building resembles Padmasana, it’s just part of the roof is flat or form tepas, if Padmasana roof like a crown or as a chair. This is a Pelinggih Tepasana (holy place) at the innards between the main shrine or pelinggih-pelinggih listed on page III.

4. Tirtha Empul pool, swimming in the water this holy eyes emerge from the soil itself, because its location is located at the bottom in the low-lying area surrounded by higher land surrounding plains. In the year 960 AD, the springs that emerge from the soil is built or expanded by King “IndjayaSinghaWarmadewa” an inscription in the so-called “masamahin tirta” which means to build and expand the pool of sacred or patirthan / purification (Samah means increased). Sacred pond water discharge is quite large with a size of about 15X30 feet are then channeled towards downstream, through which the water fountains are used as a ‘Tirtha’ (holy water) in a ritual ceremony or other Yadnya offerings. It seems that there is now this shower has undergone changes and improvements, because the writing carved in a few showers as a guide the utilization of new uses Balinese letter writing.

Fountains at Tirtha Empul there now, are grouped into;

(a) Group 5 Shower, located in the east, it seems very Sanctified, because it’s surrounded by a perimeter wall and fence in the middle of the pool there is a pelinggih ‘Bhatara Ganges’ value the sanctity of the shower is the equivalent of holy water from the river Ganges, India. Therefore, water used for holy tirtha Yadnya gods in ceremonies, such as works of Ngenteg Linggih ceremony.

(b) Group of 8 showers, located on the west shower pelinggih “Bhatara Ganges”. Group 8 is partitioned shower into 2 parts comprising: 5 shower (the east) some of which function as ‘pengleburan gering’, which means eliminating various diseases, and 3 showers (west) which of them serves to ‘upadrawaning cor’ associated with the oath . Swimming in the shower 8 is also used for purification rituals themselves for men.

(c) Group of 13 fountains, situated at the south west facing. Pool of 13 showers, among other functions to for pengleburan ‘dasa mala’, ie merging different types of sin and the cleansing and tirtha pengentas tirtha, which is to purify the spiritual for people who have died. It is also used by women for ritual purification by specifically tasked. In religious ceremonies, of this group of 13 showers are showers number 13 (from east) is the sanctification of Ida Bhatara Bayung.

(d) Group 5 shower, facing the west serves to shower ‘Pengleburan Wong Samar’, the holy water that is clean and purify women who have not menstruating at the time.

Mythology of Tirtha Empul Temple

In Lontar Usana Bali narrated that Tirtha Empul created by God Indra when fighting against the king of his castle located in Bedahulu. He is known as a very powerful king, could disappear or appear suddenly called Maya. Therefore, he called Maya Denawa. Because of his power, he became arrogant and claimed he was God. King Maya Denawa mentioned grand vizier has called KalaWong, they forbid people to do the ceremony Yadnya, so often the case of natural disasters, disease outbreaks, agricultural crop failure and ultimately the people life miserable. To overcome these problems the senses with his army of Lord fought against Maya denawa and the duke of Kala Wong. It is said that in a battle that occurred in the area seems Siring Maya denawa forces pressed and eliminate traces. Maya Denawa walk with the foot tilted so supposedly this area then named Tampak siring. In this area also created a pool of water Maya denawa called Yeh Cetik toxic (poisonous water). Therefore much pursue Maya denawa forces, troops from Bhatara Indra thirst they did not know that the pond water contains toxins, and taken by force from Bhatara Indra, so many of them fainting poisoning even death. Knowing the situation immediately plugged Bhatra Indra stick weapon in the form of banners into the ground and end up poking out the water which later was named Tirtha Empul. The water is then drunk to soldiers who died and was so conscious and unconscious life back, thanks to the efficacy and purity of springs Tirtha Empul efficacious as ‘Tirtha Amertha Pangentas Urip’ (holy water which could raise the dead, fainting).

After the incident with his troops Maya denawa increasingly squeezed and fled to the north. Maya denawa disappeared and transformed himself into a bird with a very large area was then named Manukaya (manuk = birds, botanical / aya = large). Deception was soon known by God Indra Maya denawa and eventually fled into hiding behind a rock in the area Pangkung Patas. Even so, finally Maya denawa was killed, die by the arrow of Lord Indra, and his blood flowed in rivers Petanu, and condemned as a river whose waters can not be used for agricultural land. Based on the structure of the sacred building, located on pages III (offal) where Pelinggih Tepasana a main building that is located right in front of the sacred pool Tirtha Empul it is known that the main function Empul Pura Tirtha is to worship God Indra created the spring so that its presence always Tirtha Empul provide emotional and physical prosperity and happiness for the community

Another function is to commemorate the victory of the god Indra (dharma) war against Maya denawa (Adharma). Victory of the god Indra (Dharma) commemorated by the celebration of Galungan Day (Balinese Christmas). Linking the two mythological celebrations marking its Galungan also associated with the presence of Empul Tirtha. If this is true then it can be said that Galungan, have been known at the time of the ruling government Indra Jaya singha Warmadewa around  882 Saka or 960 AD.

This post was written by Ade Nan

who has written 69 Articles on Bali Java Tour.

Ade Nan is CEO Marketing of Bali Java Tour, through this blog site seeks to share experiences, knowledge of adventures tour on Bali-Java Islands of Indonesia...read more>>

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