Pura Goa Lawah (Bat Cave Temple)

by on December 13, 2011

Pura Goa Lawah located in the hills near the rock cliff called Middle Hill, in Pesinggahan village, Dawan sub district, district Klungkung, about 50 miles to the east of the city of Denpasar. On the north side of Offal (inner part) Pura Goa Lawah, there is a natural cave inhabited by thousands of bats. To the south of Jaba (outer part) of this temple there is a major highway Klungkung (Semarapura) ↔ Amlapura (Karangasem) and across the street is there are stretches of sea, its beaches here and there stood small huts for making salt. Based on the Lontar Dwi Jendra Tattwa, Goa Lawah is “Goa Lelawah”, the name given by Danghyang Nirarta when he stopover in this place, in order to carry out Tirtha Yatra. He arrived in a cave there is lots of “Lelawah” hanging bats and boisterous sound its ads beauty of the cave. Hence, this cave called Goa Lawah.

Above the cave grow flowers that are blooming with fragrant scent, create inner calm and peaceful of Danghyang Nirarta, so he spent a couple of nights in this place. From this cave, also have beautiful beach, blue seas, and Nusa Penida Island.

Goa LawahTemple history traced base on the following sources:

  1. Babad Bendesa Mas. Outlining that MpuKuturan originated from Java. Later he settled in Bali, his boarding in Silayukti Padangbai. He also built several temples, among others, is Pura GoaLawah. This is based on above description, because Mpu Kuturan considered identical with Senopati Kuturan, who lives and become a Senopati during Anak Wungsu King, who ruled between 1049 -1077 AD, it means that the temple it built by Mpu Kuturan in11th century.
  2. Dwijendra Tattwa lontar palm. Told that Danghyang Nirarta, stayed a few nights here. That means that Danghyang Nirarta has expanded Pelinggih (shrine) of existing building in this temple. Establishment of the building occurred around the 16th century. in the reign of King Dalem Waturenggong, who ruled the Gelgel  Kingdom around 1460-1552.

Pura GoaLawah function can be determined based on the data:

  1. Kusuma Dewa lontar palm. Pura Goa Lawah outlines that are “Giha Lawah” ie residence (sthana) from Sanghyang Basuki. In this ejection, among others, are described: kang umungguh ring Giha Lawah, sanghyang Basuki, ...
  2.  PadmaBhuwana lontar palm. Explain that according to holy letter “Panca Aksara”, he built temple at the corners of the compass direction. Based on the performances that holy letters, Pura Goa Lawah represent the southeast with the sacred letters “Na” is parhyangan (shrine dedicated) to the God of Mahesora or Maheswara. In the Lontar Padma Bhuwana include also outlined: …..parhyangan maka panyirang, mawit pagelaring panca aksara, ndi ta, nang, Mahesora, pratistheng Ghneya, mungguh ing Goa Lawah,… 
  3.  Pelinggih structure (holy place). Goa Lawah is Pelinggih of Ista Dewata is Padmasana (holy place looks like a chair), located in front of the cave is Sthana of Sanghyang Basuki, one manifestation of Lord Shiva as a potential ruler of the universe.
  4. Lontar Chronicle Dalem, implying that the Pura Goa Lawah, is a good place to implement the “Tirtha Yatra” or Nyegara Gunung, because in Goa Lawah contained a mix of natural forces, namely: the sea, caves, and stone.

The ceremony at GoaLawah temple, there are two types, namely: piodalan ceremonies, and ceremonies Ngusaba. Both ceremonies in the same day on Anggara Kliwon Medangsia, every 6 months (210 days). Ngusaba ceremonial offerings coupled with “offerings pakebon” (offering buffalo), specifically heyld in front of the cave, led by Ida Pedanda(clerics/Hindu priest). The purpose of the ceremony is to worship God in one’s manifestation as the god Shiva in the aspects of Maheswara god of the universe for the sake of preservation potential, especially Apah (water), Teja (fire, heat, light).

This post was written by Ade Nan

who has written 74 Articles on Bali Java Tour.

Ade Nan is CEO Marketing of Bali Java Tour, through this blog site seeks to share experiences, knowledge of adventures tour on Bali-Java Islands of Indonesia...read more>>

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